Where I live; Dearborn. One video protrays Dearborn as a very Arab-influenced city (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N5YIRUYPyn8) while one just shows it as an ordinary city (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KquPsVTvcAs)


external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRNV2rg5iN8UN3Jr-SASfIie00-PziI7fLFPASU1PTB-Nr21byH-X6wjKh8

Spencer claimed social darwinism was survival of the fittest. amongst humans in society. He said that only the richest and most powerful people would be surprised (based off of natural selection).He believed it was morally correct for only the elite class to survive. He talks about how classes formed as society develops over time, and that some classes are better fit to survive than others. He calls the gradual social changes made over time that are constantly occuring and constantly shifting 'the evolution of the social organism'. He compares the Scientific evolution that is occuring to organisms to this Social Evolution.

external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRzbWyDrbsfxnMOwVGYpCycko3G1R7LBw1QE_6_MWT-N523eqM-XQexternal image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSZ13PSJWIsGX-lNpEFy2NK-IlyqHvvTHKQNeoz2yIiK0yVHRtkexternal image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQ3FUNDXRVoNbKY29Ox0vPaQ1JlGru1eqoi2s2UrUHDc5fFzjHj
external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTvgbtJpRgx7xgTUBsrBAEemSu0KYCK8cp-vZrc1iFfD3gHAckg


Galileo Galilei was one of the important figures of the Scientific Revolution in the 17th century. He worked primarily in the fields of physics and astronomy and was also a mathematician. When he was born in the 1500s, there was no such thing as 'science', but by his death science was an established field. He helped develop and added improvements to the telescope. After he had worked on the telescope, he made another breakthrough in the field of astronomy. At a time when people believed the moon to be smooth and polished, he was able to view the craters and cracks in the Moon's surface. He was also able to view the moons of the planet Jupiter. In 1610, he published a book with all of his astronomical findings titled 'The Starry Messenger'. Galilei also established the controversial fact that the Earth was not the center of the universe, and suggested that rather the Sun was the center of it, which caused the Church to accuse him of heresy and going against the Bible. Other than that, he was also responsible for observing 'the law of the pendulum' which is now used in present day to regulate clocks. In 1596 he invented a military compass that could be used to aim cannonballs with accuracy. Galileo calculated the law of free fall and was the first man to combine mathematics and physics, as he excelled in both of these areas.

A modern day thinker comparable to Galileo Galilei is Halton Arp. Both of them suggested theories that were controversial and caused uproar--when Galileo said that the sun of the universe, as opposed to the Earth, he sparked much controversy. Arp similarly rejects a commonly accepted idea that most scientists believe in today--the Big Bang Theory. During Galilei's time many other scientists felt threatened by his findings and tried to stop him; the same can be said about Arp. Both specialize in the field of astronomy and also deal with physics. When Galilei tried to prove his theories by allowing the priests to look through his telescope, they refused, as many scientists today who even refuse to look at Halton's photographs and research papers.


This is a picture of a building on a cliff in Byzantium. The picture shows a beach with many people on the shore and a building in the background.

external image docj2.jpg

external image modmusres.jpg

The pictures below convey the significance of 7 billion people populating the world by the end of October.

external image overpopulation.jpg

external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcStWJg7GEXTaP5o_du1htJWsjyxtKDmNYHDZBReZk-yShBw9a0g

I believe Western Aid is curing Africa. It isn't just a 'celebrity cause'. Anyone can support it, as Bono says. Dambisa Moyo compares Africa to China but the fact is that Africa's case is not even comparable to any other case, when the amount of preventable deaths occuring in Africa far outweigh all other epidemics. There is no 'dependence on celebrities' as Dambisa says. Rather there are common citizens supporting the cause of Africa as well. Moyo accuses people like Bono of being spokespeople for the African people, when in fact what Dambisa is doing is no different. There is no doubt that the African people are in need of aid, whether it be in the form of money, vaccines, education, or jobs.


At the moment, Yemen is going through a period of civil unrest. An uprising by the people against the current president, Abdullah Saleh, has been underway since 2009 and is still going on today. The country is in political turmoil.


Yemen is also one of the poorest nations in the Middle East. The average income is a mere $950 per year. Unemployment rates are high, at 35%, almost equal to those of America during the Great Depression. Yemen spends a huge, rather unnecessary amount of money on its military--6% of its GDP, more than any other nation in that region. Tourism, which used to be a source of money for the country, has also gone down over the years, mainly because of the imminent threat of terrorism from within the country. Al-Qaeda has established a branch in Yemen and the government has been attempting to combat these terrorists. One of Yemen's most valuable natural resources, oil, is also declining. It is predicted that Yemen's oil reserves will run out completely within 10 years. Yemen is also facing a water shortage, and Sana may be the first capital city to run out of water.


Yemen has found a temporary solution to its problems--the drug qat. It is easy to grow, easy to harvest, and great to sell. However, more and more people are starting to depend on this drug, and its growing is leading to the shortage of water as it takes a lot of water to grow this drug. Moreover, qat is adding to the already existing problem of malnutrition (more than 1/3 of the population is malnourished) because it affects appetite. In 2007, the World Bank noted that "Qat [...] drains the family budget; has adverse health effects; negatively affects work performance and thus contributes to poverty. Weaning consumers from the qat habit will be difficult, because its production accounts for some 6 percent of GDP and 14 percent of total employment. Qat consumption requires around 10 percent of the household budget of all income groups, which comes at the expense of basic food, education, and health." It is estimated that more than half of the population is illiterate, and more than 75% if its population is under the age of 24.