How are cities portrayed in videos:

Bloomfield Hills

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HQu2-XThyfo


Detroit

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=snsyzaojS78 Negative


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gBuF91H56no positive


Ferndale

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YLyy3kBg0wk


While searching for videos I realized that there are two sides to every city. Reporters, inhabitants, people in general will always have different ways of spinning how a city is portrayed to the public. For Detroit I decided to share two videos, one that was the number one related result portraying Detroit as a dangerous city, and the second video portraying it as more of a comback city.

Where I grew up


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I grew up in Hartland, Michigan. We lived on ten acres in the woods. We had two neighbors within about a twenty minute walk. We had to ride our bikes to get to the mail box. I grew up in a pretty normal household, I would say. I was a bit of a tomboy, and I admit growing up in such a rural area did cause my sister and I to partake in strange activities. We used to play this game in the woods, where the trees could talk, and our parents were monsters, we used to have a rock collection. A lot of my childhood was spent in the woods, which is why, I believe, I still feel such a strong connection to them. My street was a dirt road, there was a small bridge over a river that was needed to be passed to get to my driveway. Our community to me, was non-existent. Our neighbor closest to us, I always found a bit odd. He had a tree house that I would see him in from time to time, and I always wondered why but never asked. I always suspected he was a secret agent or something like that. Our other neighbor, was an elderly man with a homemade swing set and a garden. He would always invite my sister and I over to drink lemonade in the summer. I don't think there was anything I didn't like about my "community", to me being at home was like being in a completely different world. School was almost an hour away, and filled with echos of children, but at home it was just my family in the woods, and that was enough for me. We moved when I was about eight to West Bloomfield, where I now live in a suburb.

World War I Propaganda Posters


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Most Americans prior to World War One were reluctant to get involved, to encourage people propaganda posters were made as instruments of persuasion. As seen in the iconic propaganda poster to the left depicts "Uncle Sam" forcefully in capital letters encouraging people to join the army. I feel as though the use of the depiction of Uncle Sam greater emphasizes the people to feel a sense of their country's history, therefore making it more difficult to reject fighting for your country. The poster to the right depicts a beautiful woman holding a flag while soldiers are in the back round. This works well to encourage men to enlist because the word emphasis on "fight" being in red, then adding in blue, "...or buy bonds", basically meaning those who are not strong enough to fight can do the woman's task of buying bonds.

Trench Warfare

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Trench Warfare is a type of warfare in which opposing armies face each other in entrenched positions. Death was a constant companion to those serving in the line, even when no raid or attack was launched or defended against. In busy sectors the constant shellfire directed by the enemy brought random death, whether their victims were lounging in a trench or lying in a dugout. A soldier standing fully above the parapet had a better chance of being wounded rather than taking a fatal head shot. The conditions inside the trenches were horrific, infestations of rats, frogs, lice and worse. When serving in the front line, after your shift you take a period of rest while other men take your place. Although this varied depending on the necessities of the situation. While in the trench men would tend to fake injuries to avoid being on the vanguard. Men would also endure in chores while being situated in the trench, refilling sandbags, pumping equipment.

Social Darwinism


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Social Darwinism is the idea of "survival of the fittest" as thought by Charles Darwin. It is thought of as an extreme laissez-faire notion that the poor are poor because they lack certain genetic traits that would fit them for economic survival. As the argument goes, society has no obligation to its poor since to help them would be to allow inferior types to survive, and thus interfere with evolution and weaken society. The theory is based on ignorance of the great variety and relativity of social and economic systems, ignorance of the possibility that certain people who seem inferior in one sort of society might be heroically successful in another sort of society. Herbert Spencer thought differently, hebelieved that society was evolving toward increasing freedom for individuals; and so held that government intervention, ought to be minimal in social and political life.

Barack Obama and Social Darwinism:
President Obama used the term 'Social Darwinism'as a slash reference to the Republican party, and his opposing candidate, Mitt Romney. When using this term Obama was referring to the Republicans who want to slash social programs, although many voters are unfamiliar with Charles Darwin's term of Social Darwinism being the ideology of survival of the fittest. A language specialist says that Obama was probably trying to convey is that he thinks Republicans subscribe to a theory that each person is on his own with no help from others, or the government. I don't necessarily believe that the term Social Darwinist goes hand and hand with the actions of the Republicans, but it is similar in the way that they are making ways of life easier for those with wealthier status's, and eliminating the safety net for the poor.

A Tale of Two Cities: Detroit vs. Bloomfield Hills

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Detroit Statistics:
Population: 713,777
7.7 % White
82.2 % Black
6.8 % Hispanic
1.7 % other
28.4 % unemployed
36.4% of the population is beneath poverty level
11.5% of population is over 64 =

Bloomfield Hills Statistics:
Population: 3,869
86.2 % White
4.0 % Black
1.5% Hispanic
8.3% other
9.4% unemployed
$104,986 average household income
29.7% of the population is over 64

In the statistics above you can see that Detroit and Bloomfield Hills have very different problems facing them in modern day times. Detroit has a much higher percent of the population facing poverty whereas in Bloomfield Hills has a much higher average income and lower percentage of unemployment. The racial divide between Detroit and Bloomfield Hills is extreme, as you can see in the statistics Detroit is mostly made up of a Black population whereas Bloomfield Hills is mostly White.

Does industrial wealth serve a moral purpose OR represent moral decrepitude?


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In The Gospel of Wealth, Carnegie stressed on the importance of recirculation of money in the society and that giving away money to charitable organization is not enough because it’s correct use cannot be guaranteed. He suggested that the rich should be trusted to make sure that their money reaches the community in a way that could really improve the living conditions of the needy and that the money could be regenerated in the society. He was of the opinion that accumulation of wealth was not reconstructive and the government should not try to hamper it.He was against the idea of delivering gigantic amounts of a rich man’s money to his heirs, rather he encouraged the law in which the State takes away a significant amount of money from a dead man in the form of taxes and uses it on the betterment of the society. Friedrich Engels wrote a book about the working conditions in Manchester. Industrial wealth could serve as a moral purpose, and example would be what Carnegie said about after death that money should be given to the government to be used for government matters, that is a moral purpose of Industrial Wealth. But as we saw in what Engels said in his book was that the industrial wealth was not being used in the correct ways to benefit the middle class workers.


Baron Montesquieu

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( 1689- 1755)

Baron Montesquieu was a french social commentator and political thinker who lived during the Enlightenment Era. He is famous for his articulation of the theory of Separation of Powers, and he was largely responsible for the popularization of the terms feudalism.The theory of Separation of Powers was the idea that the government should be formed based on the area in which they operate, but the Church should still influence people's lives and they way that they are schooled and raised. He recommended separating power among executive, legislative, judicial branches of government. The legislative branch makes the laws, the executive branch enforces the laws and the judicial branch interprets the laws. Today, this concept is used worldwide and is written into the U.S. Constitution.
A modern thinker of today that shows some resemblance to running candidate Ron Paul. Ron Paul is a political thinker of our day. As Montesquieu, Paul breaks apart from the pack by bringing in a new party, the Libertarians. Libertarianism is an extreme laissez-faire political philosophy advocating only minimal state intervention in the lives of citizens. Both Montesquieu and Paul believed that their government needed change, whether Paul will be as successful is for the future to tell.



Sources:
http://www.ushistory.org/us/7a.asp
http://csmh.pbworks.com/w/page/7309511/1748%20-%20Baron%20de%20Montesquieu



TURKMENISTAN

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(BBC NEWS)
Turkmenistan is located in central Asia and shares boundaries with Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan to the north, Afghanistan to the southeast, Iran to the southwest, and the Caspian Sea to the west























Turkmenistan has a rather small population of 5.2 million compared to other former soviet republics in central Asia. Turkmenistan after the fall of the soviet union entered a period of isolation, causing much poverty. 89 % of the Turkmen population is Muslim, although it is not the official state religion. About three-fourths of the population lives in rural areas or on farms, reflecting the country's low level of economic development.The average GNP per capital is 3, 800 $, which is low. However, more than three-fourths of residents say they are satisfied with their standard of living. Although this may be due to the fact that people of central Asia have typically low expectations of living. Turkmenistan’s economy is based on the exportation of oil, natural gas, and cotton.

Turkmenistan's government is currently a democracy, which is seen as a improvement because the former government was under a dictatorship. The president is currently Kurbanguly Berdymukhamedov who won elections in 2007 with 89% of the vote. Berdymukhamedov promised to continue the policies of the former leader but also to introduce reforms, including unlimited access to the internet, better education and higher pensions. The government in Turkmenistan has complete authority over the media, moderating it at all times. Many websites are blocked, and television shows are censored before rebroadcasting. One of the main obstacles for development of Turkmenistan is the fact that although they have a large supply of natural gas they lack exports routes, which leads to having a lot of foreign debt. Turkmenistan's over-reliance on gas exports is unsustainable over the long term.
There is some hope for Turkmenistan's future Berdimukamedov has shown more willingness than his predecessor to engage with Western nations, the government has also taken small steps toward improving individual rights such as removing an exit visa requirement for travel and recognizing the legitimacy of some religious minority groups.


Economic Development in Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan has made some improvements over the years which will eventually lead to them becoming a more developed country. One of many problems facing Turkmenistan is agriculture and rural development. Rural development is critical as it accounts for a 26 percent of GDP, and is a source of livelihood for 54 percent of the population. Another problem facing Turkmenistan is environmental needs that should be addressed. Turkmenistan faces serious environmental, water, and life-style problems which affect the living standards of the population. Turkmenistan’s health indicators (such as life expectancy and infant mortality) were historically among the worst. Turkmenistan's healthcareis also not at its best. The Turkmen government is working with the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) to set up a program called the Health Improvement Program. The diagram below show the amount of money the World Bank is aiding Turkmenistan since 1995 to help various parts of their country.


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Sources:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/country_profiles/1298497.stm#overview

A261641042&&docId=GALE|A261641042&docType=GALE&role=ITOF|http://go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do?sgHitCountType=None&sort=DA-
A261641042&&docId=GALE|A261641042&docType=GALE&role=ITOF|SORT&inPS=true&prodId=GPS&userGroupName=lom_cranbrooksl&tabID=T002&searchId=R1&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&contentSegment=&searchType=BasicSearchForm&currentPosition=9&contentSet=GALE|A261641042&&docId=GALE|A261641042&docType=GALE&role=ITOF

http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country.php?contid=3&wmn=Asia&cid=190&cn=Turkmenistan

http://find.galegroup.com/gic/docRetrieve.do?searchPageType=BasicSearchForm&inPS=true&prodId=GIC&userGroupName=cranbrook&docId=CP3208530179

http://lnweb90.worldbank.org/eca/eca.nsf/2656afe00bc5f02185256d5d005dae97/448d2726890d48cc85256d5d006884c3?OpenDocument

http://www.rferl.org/content/US_Helping_Turkmenistan_To_Improve_Health_Care_/1507656.html





RENAISSANCE external image 12028-29.jpgART WORK
As you can see, this is a painting from the Renaissance period. Some reasons that you can tell this is from the Renaissance period is because most paintings done during this time were those that depicted reality, this life. You can also tell that this painting is from the Renaissance period because of the new art techniques used, that were developed during this time. Before this time artwork was mostly of religious aspects of life, but the renaissance period brought the natural world into painting.



In this image you will see Justinian I, he was the eastern roman
Emperor from 527-565.
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Byzantium's capital is Constantinople which is located in between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea which results in a lot of trade with Asia, Europe and North Africa. All the trade made Byzantium a very wealthy country.

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Although many Americans see the people of Islam as terrorists, they aren't at all. Islam does not condone such acts that these extremist do, it actually goes against what the Qu'ran says.

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In the film "Fitna by the dutch parliament member Geert Wilders badly portrayed Islam and the film was actually banned for having errors. There is a controversy of who is to blame, whether the fact that the people of Islam just never created a book saying that Islam rejects violent teachings.


WORLD POPULATION

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The increase is population is causing attention to children. Since the population is increasing, so is poverty and that draws people to be extra cautious when having children. People want to make sure that all children that are born will be cared for. Limiting unintended pregnancies is the key.


Is Western AID curing Africa or killing it?

It is rather hard to say whether or not western AID is curing or killing Africa. It certainly is not curing it as pointed out in the interview with the Zambian scholar. The fact that Bono thinks that we can "change the world" is a little childish, although I do believe we can affect the world in many positive ways, but the western AID does not seem to be a sufficient way to go about solving the poverty problem. In Bono's speech he says, "we can transform people’s lives, and that will transform the way people view us” which seems extremely superficial to be thinking about self image as appose to the real issue. The whole philosophy behind Bono's reasoning for western AID seems very corrupt. The Zambian scholar says when he once met Bono at a benefit for Africa he was the only African in the room. He then says he, "objects to this situation as it is right now where [the celebrities] have inadvertently or manipulatively become the spokespeople for the African continent". I completely agree with this statement, by having "celebrities" be spokespeople for the African continent and the cause is simply a ploy to cause people to agree with what they say because they are apparently "influential" people. Later in the anti-Bono interview the Zambian scholar makes a point to compare Africa to China, who both have vast amounts of poverty. By doing this it causes Africa to be seen as much worse off and lower than many other civilizations that may be in the same situation. The idea of lowering Africa's human equality by having the western AID seems to cause a stir or morality. I believe that western AID has the potential to possibly help Africa, but I agree with anti-Bono that they might need to put this on hold, or rather then donating money, actually give Africans the opportunity of having an income and making money for themselves rather then being given money.